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The search returned 2 results.

HSBC Holdings and Others v Commission: Fining Methods Under the Spotlight (T-105/17 HSBC Holdings) journal article

Niccolò Colombo

European Competition and Regulatory Law Review, Volume 4 (2020), Issue 1, Page 40 - 44

Case T-105/17 HSBC Holdings and Others v Commission, Judgment of the General Court of 24 September 2019 The General Court held that it could not perform an in-depth review on a key factor of the Decision that could have a significant effect on the fine imposed, which was sufficient grounds to annul the infringement Decision, notwithstanding the Commission’s potential finding of an anticompetitive conduct.


Virtual Competition: journal article

Human Liability Vis-À-Vis Artificial Intelligence’s Anticompetitive Behaviours

Niccolò Colombo

European Competition and Regulatory Law Review, Volume 2 (2018), Issue 1, Page 11 - 23

The progressive demise of bricks-and-mortar and the rise of the online merchant are not to be ostracized per se, as the virtual nature of potential anticompetitive behaviours will not change the substance of the antitrust enforcement. The fil rouge of the present contribution is to be found in the pivotal role of human liability as the logical premise for whatsoever theory of harm. All those challenges coming from the interaction between Big Data and Artificial Intelligence are thus to be welcomed as the future of competition law goes hand in hand with the technological progress of innovative markets.

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