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The search returned 5 results.

How Excessive Pricing Jurisprudence Could Help the EU Commission Take a Big Bite Out Of Apple’s Commission Fee journal article

Dermot Cahill, Jing Wang

European Competition and Regulatory Law Review, Volume 8 (2024), Issue 2, Page 92 - 100

This article considers the European Commission’s approach to tackling various Apple anti-competitive strategies. It considers why the European Commission has not applied excessive pricing abuse of dominance jurisprudence to challenge Apple’s high commission fees charged to app developers, instead preferring to use a variety of other approaches to restore competition to certain parts of Apple’s closed ecosystem. Keywords: excessive pricing; abuse of dominance; Gatekeeper; Digital Markets Act; Apple


The Limits of Control: journal article

Competition Law Versus Sector Regulation in the Wake of the European Commission Excessive Pricing Decision in Aspen

Behrang Kianzad

European Competition and Regulatory Law Review, Volume 6 (2022), Issue 3, Page 207 - 221

Despite being heavily regulated, the pharmaceutical sector in Europe has in recent years noted many enforcement decisions against excessive pharmaceutical pricing as an anti-competitive practice under Article 102(a) TFEU. Although described as a ‘rarity’ in competition law in most parts of the doctrine, numerous excessive pricing cases have emerged in Italy, UK, Denmark, and the Netherlands in recent years, but also on the European Commission level. The European competition authority adopted its first excessive pricing commitment decision against a pharmaceutical undertaking (Aspen) in April 2021. Take into account the manifold points of contention in the literature on excessive pricing, concerning the normative issue of preventing supra-competitive pricing on part of dominant undertakings. Add the tension between competition law and sector regulation;, as well as the practical issue of calculating cost, prices and profits for the purpose of finding out the ‘excess’ and ‘unfairness’, and one can see the Aspen case is of particular importance for future cases. Keywords: excessive pricing; Article 102; pharmaceutical pricing; competition law; pricing of medicines; sector regulation, law and economics


Aspen: The European Commission’s First Decision on Excessive Pricing in the Pharmaceuticals Sector journal article

Kalpana Tyagi

European Competition and Regulatory Law Review, Volume 6 (2022), Issue 2, Page 173 - 179

Case AT.40394 Aspen, Commission Decision of 10 February 2021 On 10 February 2021, the Commission entered into a settlement decision with Aspen under Article 9 of Regulation 1/2003. The Commission investigated 'excessive pricing' by the South Africa-headquartered Aspen in six off-patent cancer drugs in the European Economic Area (EEA). These drugs had been off-patent for well over 50 years, and there seemed no rational prima facie justification for their unfairly high prices. This case note offers a critical discussion on the Commission’s case and Aspen’s well-planned strategy to systematically and uniformly increase prices across the Member States.


Let´s Dance! Excessive Royalties and the Economic Value of Music (C-372/19 SABAM) journal article

Behrang Kianzad

European Competition and Regulatory Law Review, Volume 5 (2021), Issue 2, Page 172 - 176

Case C-372/19 Belgische Vereniging van Auteurs, Componisten en Uitgevers CVBA (SABAM) v Weareone.World BVBA and Wecandance NV, Judgment of the Court of Justice of the European Union (Fifth Chamber) of 25 November 2020 The most recent excessive pricing case considered by Court of Justice of European Union (CJEU) revolved around fees imposed by a national royalty collective society (SABAM) on two Belgian festival organizers (Weareone.World BVBA and Wecandance NV). The Belgian national court submitted the case to CJEU for a preliminary ruling on whether the imposition of fees was to be considered an abuse of dominant position, and further, whether the fees levied were to be considered unfair and excessive in light of Article 102(a) Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.


C-177/16 AKKA/LAA: How to Determine Excessive Prices Under Article 102 TFEU? journal article

Yves Botteman, Daniel Barrio

European Competition and Regulatory Law Review, Volume 4 (2020), Issue 1, Page 49 - 53

Case C-177/16 Autortiesību un komunicēšanās konsultāciju aģentūra / Latvijas Autoru apvienība v Konkurences padome, Judgement by the Court of Justice of the European Union of 14 September 2017 On the appropriate methods to determine whether the rates charged by a collecting society which enjoys a legal monopoly are excessive, whether such excess is ‘appreciable’ pursuant to Article 102(a) TFEU and the possible justifications for such excessive rates. Article 102 Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU); OJ 2008 L115/47.

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