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Estimating Reasonable Prices for Access to Digital Platforms’ Data:

What Are the Challenges?

Jordi Casanova Tormo


Keywords: reasonable prices, price regulation, digital platforms, access to data, data regulation

This article reviews the competition case law and the approach of utility regulation to address excessive prices. It considers the potential challenges of applying a reasonable prices framework to access to digital platforms’ data, due to the difficulties in assessing an appropriate return on digital platforms’ investments in R&D. Following this conclusion, the article proposes to assess whether lighter forms of intervention may be sufficient to address the market failures identified and to introduce access to data if these are not likely to succeed.
Keywords: reasonable prices; price regulation; digital platforms; access to data; data regulation

Jordi Casanova Tormo, Regulatory Economist, Competition and State Aid Unit, EFTA Surveillance Authority. For correspondence: <>. Acknowledgements: the author would like to thank Alexis Walckiers for his comments on an earlier version of this article. The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the author and they do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of the EFTA Surveillance Authority or its members.


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