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Parallel Application of EU and National Competition Law: Time to Think Again?

Michal Petr


Keywords: parallel application, sanctions, unilateral conduct

Most national competition authorities apply national and EU competition law in parallel. It is explicitly permitted by Regulation 1/2003 and the practice itself is not much debated. This article argues that it should nonetheless be abandoned, as it may cause substantial problems, both for the parties to the proceedings and more generally, to the predictability of competition law, while not bringing any clear benefits.
Keywords: parallel application; sanctions; unilateral conduct

Dr Michal Petr is a professor of law and head of the Centre for Competition Law at Palacky University in Olomouc, Czech Republic. This article was drafted with support of the grant ‘Ne bis in idem in Competition Law’, grant no. IGA_PF_2023_13. For correspondence: <>.


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