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Implementation of the ECN+ Directive ∙ France: Implementation of the ECN+ Directive by the Ordinance of 26 May 2021

Mélissa Nobileau


Keywords: France, ECN+ implementation, ECN+ Directive, Directive (EU) 2019/1, fundamental rights, NCA independence, NCA resources, fines, leniency

Mélissa Nobileau (LLM College of Europe), Case Handler at the Autorité de la concurrence (French Competition Authority). The views expressed in this report are personal and do not represent the position of the Autorité de la concurrence. For correspondence: <>.


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